Q & A

Is there ‘Creation’?


Nothing can ever be created. Matter cannot be created. To say “something is created” is to imply it’s not already within Creation. Which sets up an unsolvable equation; duality (dvaita). For example, if matter was created, that means THIS Creation (which you and I find ourselves in), would have to borrow matter from some other…

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What is saṃsāra?

samsara wheel of life - advaita vedanta

saṃsāra is limitation one experiences and caused by not knowing difference between REAL (Self) and UNREAL (Not-Self). A saṃsārī seeks freedom in the world through acquisition (beauty,  Spiritual experiences, knowledge, wealth, fame, success) – and enjoyment of those acquired objects. Thus “acquire + enjoy the acquired” summarizes life of every individual born in past, present and…

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What is Significance of ‘Namaste’


In India, many greet each other with the word “Namaste” – this is joined usually by a slight bow and palms touching in front, sort of like a prayer gesture. Namaste means literally “I bow to you”. But the way it’s used, or the meaning behind it is “I bow to God (Īśvara) in you”…

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What is Advaita Vedanta About?

Dakṣiṇāmūrti Vedanta

“The fire of certainty which is the result of knowing Onself as immaculate Awareness, burns down the entire forest of ignorance. The eradication of ignorance and the dawning of happiness are one event.” – Aṣṭāvakra Gītā What is Advaita Vedanta Philosophy? (Brief) Total freedom, total confidence and total satisfaction. This is the fruit of Vedanta, a proven methodology that…

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What are the Vedas?

purpose of scriptures

Vedas are divided into 4 sections: (1) Rig Veda, (2) Yajur Veda, (3) Sāma Veda, (4) Atharva Veda. Each each section is further divided into 2 parts. Part 1 called “karma-kāṇḍa“. Part 2 is called “jñāna-kāṇḍa“. Karma-kanda deals with rituals and prayers. Basically, how to live a happy, harmonious, smooth and clean life. Jñāna-kanda deals with…

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James Swartz Interviews, Review & Critique on Vedanta and Non-Duality

james swartz advaita vedanta non-duality

This page is meant to honestly present my experience learning from James Swartz. It’s also a collection of various interviews (Q & A) on practical use and correct method of Vedanta application as means to moksha (Liberation)… through proper self-enquiry. Expect not here bashing nor glorification. James Swartz is an author of “How to Attain…

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When Fruit of ‘I am Brahman’ is Denied (viparīta-bhāvanā)

A common question by a person with Self-Knowledge: “Having done Śravaṇa and Manana, I am very clear I am Brahman. But in my behavior I do not find myself, ‘I am Brahman’. Why?“ Answer: You may have to deal with another problem – that of “viparīta-bhāvanā“. It’s caused by your memories. There is another parallel…

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How is Vedanta Different to Other Systems?

Firstly, what we mean by “system” is what’s called Pramāṇa – or “means of Knowledge”. In Vedānta case, it’s a means of Self-Knowledge. Self-Knowledge in stage of “listening” can be equated to object knowledge – as in “I am now learning about the Self, and that I am that Self, even though I can’t see how…

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Does a Liberated Person Also Experience Happiness from Objects?

Object-happiness (viṣaya-ānanda) is a name given to a phenomenon that naturally occurs in the subtle body. Brahman is of the nature of sat-cid-ānanda (Existence-Awareness-Bliss). Although Brahman pervades the entire world/universe (jagat) as its substratum (adhiṣṭhāna) – the manifestation of its nature varies from object to object. The inert objects (eg: rock) of the world fully…

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Who gains Self-Knowledge? Self, Subtle Body or Reflected Consciousness?

First of all “Self-Knowledge” is NOT mokṣa (Freedom, Enlightenment, Liberation). It is the means to mokṣa. It is a “knowledge-thought” that is created/assimilated in the Subtle Body… by the teachings of Vedānta. The content of this thought is “I AM brahman” (aham brahmāsmi). It destroys the ignorance that is the cause for saṃsāra (believing or…

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