impure-dirty-rajasic-tamasic-non-sattvic-mind-antahkarana-reflecting-consciousness-self-atman-brahman

Can Maya Affect Consciousness? – Part 25

May 19, 2020

In previous part 24, student thought maya and consciousness are two different entities. Teacher explained there is no question of two-ness. Just like the skill of singing is never away from the conscious person in whom that potential rests. Even when the singing power projects outwards, the person can't be reduced to a single definition…

ardha-nari-ardhanari-Ardhanarishvara-shiva-parvati-deities-male-female

Connection Between Consciousness & Maya – Part 24

May 6, 2020

In previous part 23, we've seen that maya is dependent on the Limitless One (brahman) for it's existence. Māyā is the totality of all names-forms which enjoy their reality in the one undivided Truth. Just how all words on a whiteboard, irrespective of the relative glory they enjoy – all have their being in the…

maya-neti-neti-not-this-not-that-māyā-reality-status-nature

What is Ontological Status of Maya – Part 23

April 27, 2020

In previous part 22, we heard how maya's veiling and projecting power works. They work in tandem. Veiling power (āvaraṇa-śakti) causes partial knowledge. For example, if we see the top, we're under the influence of veiling power. Because we don't see the bottom. Thus any opinion about the object is partial-knowledge because it's limited to…

brahman-isvara-ishvara-with-maya-superimposes-projects-world-jagat

Maya's Veiling and Projecting Power – Part 22

April 22, 2020

In previous part 21, we asked “What causes projection of ignorance?” The cause of ignorance is partial knowledge and the effect is partial ignorance or projection. Suppose I say it's a 6. You say it's a 9. Debate goes on for years. Without the ink – is there a 6 or 9 to debate? It's…

example-maya-illusion-projection-superimposition-base-substratum-advaita-vedanta-2

What Causes Projection or Ignorance? – Part 21

April 11, 2020

In previous part 20, we demonstrated how superimposition produces a genuine response in the world. Despite the value-neutral status of rope – the victim jumps in fear, mistaking it as a snake. Thereafter, whatever conclusions the victim makes, are based on a false projection. Victim will even write a story and post it on social…

man-jumps-fear-snake-rope-analogy-advaita-vedanta-superimposition-maya-projection

Reality of Maya's Superimposition – Part 20

April 6, 2020

In previous part 19, we've established that a superimposition is when name-form is projected onto an unchanging base. For example… Ring has a name called “r-i-n-g”. It also has a form. Thus, the ring is a name-form superimposed on it's base, the gold, from which it's made of. Additionally… Ring is only a superimposition from…

maya-superimposition-projection-over-existence-consciousness-brahman

How Maya Superimposes ‘On' Existence – Part 19

March 29, 2020

In previous part 18, we've seen that even after knowledge of oneness takes place, the world doesn't change it's dualistic nature. Only the person's relationship with the world changes. Knowing it to be a dependent-reality. Just how we know and have proof the world is atoms, this knowledge doesn't cause us to treat each other,…

world-not-disappear-after-advaita-vision-liberation-moksha-enlightenment-4

Does World Disappear Upon Advaita Vision? – Part 18

March 25, 2020

In previous part 17, we saw that even though Limitless One is the cause of the universe, it is not involved in the creation, sustenance nor destruction of the world. No different to how the conscious subject in bed, remains free of whatever happens in the dream world. If one person out of, suppose 8…

brahman-ishvara-projects-world-jagat-through-maya-gunas

Is Creation an Action Done by the Creator? – Part 17

March 11, 2020

In previous part 16, we saw that the all-pervading One (Isvara) is both creator and creation. Just like a spider which spins the web, drawing silk from within itself – in same way, the Limitless One (Isvara) draws from it's own maya power, all the material and intelligence needed for the world (jagat) to take…

creator-creation-analogy-advaita-vedanta-cause-effect-mithya

Creator and His Creation – Part 16

February 23, 2020

In previous part 15, we saw how different objects in the universe resolve into the One cause. Just how all furniture resolves into One wood. Meaning wood is the cause of entire furniture world. In same way, owning to Brahman's power called māyā, it creates world of multiplicity out of it's potential of intelligent and…

cause-effect-many-comes-from-one-advaita-vedanta-vedas-non-duality

All is One? But I See Many. Cause and Effect – Part 15

February 15, 2020

In previous part 14, student attempted to reconcile statement “Ishvara is knowledge” and ignorance. How can the two co-exist! This was clarified by saying that “knowledge” refers to that which illumines knowledge of time, space and ignorance. For example we say, “I don't know who I am”. That conclusion is formed in the mind of…

origin-of-ignorance-avidya-advaita-vedanta-upanishads

What is Origin or Cause of Ignorance (Avidya)? – Part 14

January 29, 2020

Previous part 13, discerned difference between Consciousness (Brahman), and world of matter (jagat) which either has status of sentience (creatures) or insentience (rock). Follow conversation attempts to resolve where is place for ignorance, if creator (Ishvara) is all-knowledge… Student curiously inquires, “If the One (Ishvara) is intelligence and knowledge, where is the place for ignorance, which…

all-knowledge-ishvara-maya-brahman-consciousness

Difference Between Consciousness & Sentiency – Part 13

January 24, 2020

In previous part 12, we resolved contradiction how can relative-words reveal absolute-reality, when words themselves are limited. Now nature of question turns to resolving differences despite all being One… Student asks, “Since the WHOLE is Consciousness, why do we have differences such as sentient and insentient? The world should have no inanimate objects in this…

vedic-vedas-advaita-vedanta-contradiction-debate

How Can Mithya Texts Reveal Satyam Reality? – Part 12

January 7, 2020

From previous part 11, the student continued raising doubts about Vedas authority. For example, how are Veda texts superior to other sacred texts? Why should I believe Vedanta has the ultimate answers? Isn't it just another point of view? Now, a more sophisticated objection is raised… Student counters last reply with, “Your sacred texts and…

vedas-vedanta-compared-versus-other-philosophies-religions

How is Vedanta Superior to Other Philosophical Texts? – Part 11

December 29, 2019

In previous part 10, student began debating the teacher with some important questions whether we can ever capture the truth, considering it's beyond our mind/senses. Now student debates how are Vedas (specifically Upanishads) any better then countless others philosophical and spiritual texts. Student at some point claims Advaita Vedanta is just another point of view…

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If Truth is Beyond Mind – How to Discover It? – Part 10

December 18, 2019

Previous part 9 answered an important doubt, “What makes our Vedic scriptures so relevant and why should I trust them? Why not find out the truth for myself? Why depend on ancient books; we live in the modern world!” Student realizes that scriptures are means of knowledge to discovering the truth which is beyond our…

advaita-vedanta-six-means-of-knowledge-pramana

Sacred Texts are Valid Means of Knowledge – Part 9

October 31, 2019

Previous part 8 answered “just how valid are ancient sacred texts in modern society” and how they can free us permanently. However some minds are intoxicated by intellectual superiority. Thus the student objects with “I don't need the holy-sacred-ancient texts. I can discern real and unreal, truth and falsehood on my own.” Students objection is,…

what-is-limitlessness-ananda-vedanta-advaita

What is Limitlessness (ananda)? How am I THAT?

October 23, 2019

Neema Majmudar, a brilliant Vedanta exponent, elucidates how one's nature is Limitless right now. For context how how this applies to you, below gives further elucidation how one can never negate self; the conscious-subject. “I” can't go out of existence. Inquiry begins: If we look into names/forms (nāma-rūpa) including time and space, we can keep…

vedas-advaita-vedanta-scriptures-in-modern-society-2

How Valid are Vedas Scriptures In Modern World? – Part 8

October 4, 2019

Last part 7 introduced to purpose of the Vedic scriptures answering who is the “I” which everyone begins their conversations with. Now doubt arises in student's who begins to question the authenticity of the scriptures. In Vedanta context, the scriptures comprise of: Bhagavad Gita, Brahma Sutra, Upanishads. Students concern, “The books describe in great detail esoteric…

purpose of scriptures

What is Need for Sacred Holy Texts or the Scriptures? – Part 7

September 12, 2019

In previous part 6 conversation, teacher explained one of most integral teachings leading to vision of Oneness; how individual (microcosmic; vyaṣṭi) and TOTAL (macrocosmic; samaṣṭi) are are of the one SAME substance. Now student continues questioning on bases of previous conversation, “If we are equal to the Limitless One, why do we need the sacred…

individual-self-and-ishvara-god-equation-brahman-sameness-vyasti-samasti

Equation Which Connects Individual ‘I' & Universal Consciousness (Brahman) – Part 6

August 15, 2019

In previous part 5 conversation, the teacher gave way for student to ask one of most important questions which bridges the apparent gap between self and God. Student asked, “I cannot see a connection between I, the knower, and Universal Consciousness (Īśvara/God). What is the relation?” The ever-available knower, never not knowing, is what we…

subject-object-knower-known-advaita-vedanta-satya-mithya

The Knower, a Self-Conscious Being – Part 5

July 19, 2019

Students were introduced orders of reality in Part 4 – which has now sparked doubts. So one of students asks… “Do you mean to say we have no independent being? That neither my mind nor body has any real feeling? Am I just an illusion, imagining a real existence?” You are neither an illusion, nor…

sri-ramakrishna-advaita-vedanta-vivekananda

Four Classes of People (Entangled & Liberated) – by Sri Ramakrishna

July 19, 2019

Purpose of this evergreen article by Sri Ramakrishna is to help us discover how to get out of our own created samsara. People may be divided into four classes: (1) Bound by the entanglements of the world, (2) seekers after liberation, (3) the liberated, and (4) the ever-free. Sri Ramakrishna (guru of Swami Vivekananda) will…

rope-snake-advaita-vedanta-analogy-metaphor-analogy-example-meaning

Rope-Snake Analogy Using Logic: How Falsehood Becomes Truth

June 12, 2019

Suppose you're on a deserving holiday in a tropical forest. Exhausted from day's exploration, the cool bedroom awaits you in a wooden hut. It's a new moon. Sun has almost set. Neither completely dark, nor adequate light. Perfect for a snooze. Removing the mosquito net to lie down, there lies on the white sheets a…

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Reconciling Orders of Reality and Oneness – Part 4

June 7, 2019

In last sentence of Part 3, teacher briefly introduced two new terms ” subjective” and “empirical” orders of reality. This begins to explain how we can have “orders of reality” when all is actually One… Student asks “When you talk of orders of reality? Where is the question of One?” Yes, the term orders may…

subjectivity objectivity in advaita vedanta

What is Subjective Perception? – Part 3

May 10, 2019

In last sentence of Part 2, the teacher concluded with an important concept in Vedanta “orders of reality“. But didn't explain… Now the inquiring Vedantic student asks, “What do you mean by order of reality? Can reality have orders and differences?” We have a personal subjective reality. When we perceive something… we superimpose values, emotions,…

Cosmic Joke Vedanta

Brahman is Beyond all Means of Knowledge

April 20, 2019

Brahman (Non-Negatable Truth, Consciousness) is beyond all means of knowledge. No scientific instrument can detect it. Because every instrument IS made out of Īśvara (cause of Universe). And Truth of Īśvara is Brahman. A metaphor to explain above statement: TRUTH of the entire dream world (Īśvara) is the Dreamer (Brahman) in bed. Meaning, without the…

clay-pot-advaita-vedanta-chandogya-upanishad-satya-mithya

What is Real and Not-Real? – Part 2

April 20, 2019

Part 1 needs to be understood for this part to make sense. Student posed a question “What is real and what is not real? How do you decide their status?” In the world, entropy is the rule. Change is the constant. People, emotions, objects, and living things… with or without our knowing… every moment they change. How…

sat-cit-ananda-consciouness-limitlessness-existence

Limitless Existence Consciousness (satcitananda) – Part 1

April 12, 2019

By seeming coincidence, three sincere truth seekers found themselves before the presence of a well known wise person (jñāni) of the land. Soon enough there was an argument amidst the seekers. A confronting case of conflicting opinions arose. Each decided to make their cause before the jñāni (knower of Truth). The first said, “The One above…

Karma Yoga Selfless Service

Karma Yoga Prayer (The Essence of Karma Yoga Spirit In Action)

April 5, 2019

Still unsure what is Karma Yoga and how is it applied? This prayer will help… “  With gratitude for all I have been given, I offer my every action to the field of creation. My actions are gifts from me to Īśvara, the creator. Once my actions are offered to the field, I surrender control,…

Dharma VS. Samsara

If You Enjoy What You Do, Life Is Very Simple

March 28, 2019

Living does not simply mean dragging oneself around from day to day – from bed to work, back home and to bed again. The whole process repeats itself until the weekend comes. Then one drags oneself to some recreation in the hope of forgetting oneself – which is why recreation becomes so important. This is…

Spiritual practices sadhanas from bhagavad gita

12 Spiritual Practices (Sadhanas) from Bhagavad Gita

March 2, 2019

Lord Krisna (Śrī Kṛṣṇa) in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4, mentions 12 types of powerful spiritual sadhana's (spiritual practices) one can choose to purify one's mind. Their end result (karma-phala) can be compared to washing a dirty car (mind) with a hose (sādhana). Yes, the car will attract new dirt sooner or later the more it…

creation-brahman

Is there ‘Creation’?

February 21, 2019

Nothing can ever be created. Matter cannot be created. To say “something is created” is to imply it’s not already within Creation. Which sets up an unsolvable equation; duality (dvaita). For example, if matter was created, that means THIS Creation (which you and I find ourselves in), would have to borrow matter from some other…

what-is-samsara-according-to-vedanta

That I attempt to be different, is samsara.

January 30, 2019

“That I attempt to be different, is saṃsāra”. To see how this is true, we first ask… What is saṃsāra? It is mistakenly seeing one's own thoughts/emotions (prātibhāsika; Subjective reality), including the Objective reality (vyāvahārika)… to be the final Reality (pāramārthika; unchanging pure Consciousness, Brahman). Why does one confuse these 3 realities (causing saṃsāra)? Because…

samsara wheel of life - advaita vedanta

What is samsara?

January 19, 2019

Samsara is limitation one experiences and caused by not knowing difference between REAL (Self; ātman) and UNREAL (Not-Self; anātman). A samsari seeks freedom in the world through acquisition (beauty, spiritual experiences, knowledge, wealth, fame, success) – and enjoyment of those acquired objects. Thus “acquire + enjoy the acquired” summarizes life of every individual born in…

subjectivity objectivity in advaita vedanta

Objectivity vs Subjectivity in Light of Vedanta

January 15, 2019

Purpose of this article is to bring light to an uninvestigated pillar in the spiritual world (irrespective of Religion, philosophy). It's largely fault for one's spiritual stagnation, inconsistent relationships with the other (Objects, people, etc) – and disharmony with one's own existence. Either way, as long as this issue remains uncorrected – Freedom/Liberation (mokṣa) is impossible.…

subtle body, mind, intellect, antakarana

Inquiry Into Various Vedanta Definitions

January 5, 2019

THE MATERIAL UNIVERSE Something cannot come from nothing. This material universe evolved out of consciousness. Consciousness is both the substance of which the creation is made and the intelligence that shapes its names and forms. Just as the spider is both the substance of its web and the intelligence that shapes it. Consciousness operates the…

3-gunas-sattva-rajas-tamas

Brief Introduction to 3 Gunas

December 29, 2018

The creation comes into existence with the emergence of the 3 guṇas: Sattva, Tamas and Rajas. Sattva is intelligence and knowledge. Ttamas is a heavy dense energy. It's matter, the substance of the creation. Rajas is the dynamic active energy. It creates/sustains/destroys objects using Sattva (All knowledge) combined with Tamas (matter/material). In fact, they all…

namaste-namah-te-meaning-significance

What is Significance of ‘Namaste'

December 15, 2018

In India, many greet each other with the word “Namaste” – this is joined usually by a slight bow and palms touching in front, sort of like a prayer gesture. Namaste means literally “I bow to you”. But the way it's used, or the meaning behind it is “I bow to God (Īśvara) in you”…

vegetarianism-vs-meat-vedanta-vedic-india-culture-himsa-ahimsa

Original Purpose of Vegetarianism According to Vedic Culture

November 22, 2018

Vegetarianism is an example of the application of the value for ahimsa (non-injury). Many arguments in favour of a vegetarian diet can be made, but the basic argument supporting non-flesh eating is simply ahimsa. In India, where there are more vegetarians than anywhere else in the world, vegetarianism is based on this value alone. Why…

Living non-duality according to Vedanta

What's It Like to Live the Vision of Non-Dual ONENESS?

November 5, 2018

When one realizes oneself to be unborn-ordinary-actionless-non-dual Awareness… and that Awareness (Ātman/Brahman) is everything that is… it does not mean that the world (jagat) suddenly goes “poof” into a whirlpool of nothingness. The world remains, but with the understanding that there is nothing real (substantial) to it. In other words one no longer gets fooled.…

Selfish life VS Life of Karma Yoga

Beauty and Logic of Living Life as Karma Yogi

October 25, 2018

“Now listen to the wisdom of yoga which will free you from bondage to action. In this yoga, no effort is wasted, nor are any unsuitable results produced. Even very little karma yoga protects one from great fear.” ~ Bhagavad Gītā Karma yoga is the “mothership” for qualifying and preparing the mind for Liberation. Irrespective of the type of activity you perform, it’s…

Dakṣiṇāmūrti Vedanta

What is Advaita Vedanta About?

October 24, 2018

“The fire of certainty which is the result of knowing Onself as immaculate Awareness, burns down the entire forest of ignorance. The eradication of ignorance and the dawning of happiness are one event.” – Aṣṭāvakra Gītā What is Advaita Vedanta Philosophy? (Brief) Total freedom, total confidence and total satisfaction. This is the fruit of Vedanta, a proven methodology that…

Existence (Brahman/Ātman/Awareness) is Beginingless and Endless…

October 15, 2018

Existence (Brahman/Ātman/Awareness) is beginingless and endless. Thus, the notion of “Today I'm enlightened“, implies “Yesterday, I wasn't“. Which contradicts THAT which is beginingless/endless. What's more, such thoughts are subject to Time. Meaning anything that BEGINS in time has an inevitable ENDING in time. Common sense. So what's the solution – if mokṣa (Freedom) is beyond…

purpose of scriptures

What are the Vedas?

October 10, 2018

Vedas are divided into 4 sections: (1) Rig Veda, (2) Yajur Veda, (3) Sāma Veda, (4) Atharva Veda. Each each section is further divided into 2 parts. Part 1 called “karma-kāṇḍa“. Part 2 is called “jñāna-kāṇḍa“. Karma-kanda deals with rituals and prayers. Basically, how to live a happy, harmonious, smooth and clean life. Jñāna-kanda deals with…

james-swartz-about-my-experience-testimonial-review

James Swartz Interviews on Vedanta

October 8, 2018

To hear an introductory description of the the true nature of “I”, watch this 10 minute video by James Swartz – Upated: 26 March 2020. Interview: PART 1 What does the Self mean to you? The self is me, Awareness. And how do you define “Awareness”? You are a conscious awareful being. It is just…

Why a Wise Person Won't Argue Against an Ignorant Person

October 1, 2018

What a wise person (Jñāni) knows directly – can be summarized in below Ādi Śaṅkarācārya's words. Which is why there is NO GAIN for a jñāni to argue or defend themselves – when challenged by criticism of an ignorant Jīva (person who identifies “I” with Body-Mind complex): brahma satyaṁ jagan-mithyā jivo brahmaiva nāparaḥ anena vedyaṁ…

‘I' – The Subtlest of the Subtlest

August 30, 2018

Bhagavad-Gītā says that we have five sense organs of knowledge (seeing, hearing, smelling, feeling, tasting); these are very subtle. Example: Organ of seeing is a lot more subtle then the physical instrument of seeing; eye. More subtle than the sense organ is the Mind. Subtler than the mind is the Intelligence. Subtler than these is…

Moving from Jiva-Srsti (Vision of Samsari) to Isvara-Srsti (Vision of Wise Person)

August 15, 2018

Persons false notion about reality is called “Jīva-Sṛṣṭi”. It is seeing what is NOT. It is subjective notions born of Ignorance. It is misapprehension/projection onto Īśvara (God). It is cause of adharmic (sinful) actions and ahimsā (entertaining thoughts of injury towards one own self or another being). It is also cause for years spent pursuing…

Keyswap – IAST Diacritics Windows Software (for Sanskrit Scholars)

August 9, 2018

  Keyswap is a Windows transliteration application that runs in the background. It let's you add diacritics to roman letters by pressing ‘=‘ after any key. Actually, you can assign any trigger key of choice. It was initially made for private use during my years of learning Sanskrit at Uni. Handwriting was too slow. Thus…