Yes Vedanta is dedicated to teaching and preserving the depth of Advaita Vedānta (brahmavidyā; highest Knowledge)… with addition of visual pictures and mind-maps for improved clarity, comprehension and memorization.
Classic method relies mainly on timeless and proven ear-to-ear (karna-parampara) listening. And by complimenting it visually with supporting symbolic pictures… the paradoxical and ambiguous Upaniṣad / Bhagavad Gītā statements become even more graspable, digestible and sticky.
Accelerated learning methods are used because over 70% of anything learned is forgotten within 24 hours. Relate? 😉 And most students don’t review notes after class – because life circumstances quickly overshadow the material.
Therefore it’s our mission to help Vedānta be as memorable and attractive as possible for student’s ever-fleeting mind… so one continues in ongoing contemplation, discrimination and meditation. Of course without causing subtle distractions. In most cases, listening to teacher/guru’s words is the only way to the highest Truth.
In short – Yes Vedanta intention is to enhance your comprehension while strictly preserving the original meanings of Ādi Śaṅkarācārya and lineage of Advaita Vedānta non-dual teachers.
So what is Vedānta…
Vedānta is the world’s most ancient, broadest, highest and deepest spiritual methodology. It’s purpose is to remove one’s limiting, false notions about Reality through means of Self-Inquiry.
It not only expounds who-what you really are – and what is the reality of the universe – it also accurately guides you to realize the Truth for yourself.
When all doubts are resolved and Truth is known with absolute clarity – the false “I” is easily recognized as “not-I” (anātma).
Thus knowledge of oneself as Limitless, unconcerned, ordinary, action-less, non-dual free Awareness (Ātman) – is confidently accepted and re-identified with – as true “I”.
Advaita Vedānta is universal in its application and is equally relevant to all human beings irrespective of country, culture, belief, and background. For example…
You can immediately recognize one aspect of universality in principle of ahimsā (non-injury). It applies to humans, animals, insects, and plants. Fact is none want to be hurt. Including you. This is why it feels painful hurting others. Because ahimsā is built in all Creation.
Now, let’s investigate what is Vedānta and how it can help…
Word “Vedanta” is a combination of two Sanskrit words – veda (knowledge) and anta (end).
“End” means the ending portion of Vedas, being Upaniṣads or jñāna-kāṇḍa. However “End” actually signifies: end of my spiritual progress. As in, nothing more to accomplish after. Word “antaḥ” also means: Innermost.
Therefore, Vedānta means “the end of knowledge” or “the culmination of all knowledge” or “the highest knowledge“.
It’s pointing to THAT which is beyond all relative knowledge.
It’s pointing to the “knowledge” of the final Reality – knowing which everything else becomes known. * Chāndogya Upaniṣad
Here, “Knowledge” means direct and permanent realization of final Reality. It does not mean knowledge memorized from a book, then brilliantly mastered and repeated until it’s known ‘by heart’.
Because that kind of relative knowledge would be forgotten with amnesia (including your own name).
We are speaking of THAT which is independent of your body-mind-intellect. Even though body-mind-intellect is used to apprehend the Innermost (Self, Ātman).
Purpose of Vedānta is Mokṣa (Liberation / Freedom / Self-Realization / Wholeness).
Unceasingly knowing with TOTAL clarity (a) who you are, but more importantly (b) who you are NOT, and (c) not confusing a-b, else occasional doubt is a familiar experience.
It also includes discovering the Reality of the WHOLE universe (who is it’s maker), because the reality of the universe and your own Reality are not apart, nor different.
Upon this discovery, one transcends all sorrows and sufferings (atyantika-dukha-nivritti) and ‘attains’ supreme bliss (paramānanda-prāpti). Word ‘attain’ is used with caution because it’s already attained. One can’t attain what is already present and eternal (Brahman). Only to acknowledge and accept it’s presence as YOU.
Although this doesn’t mean that usual problems of life disappear. Let’s get real. One still needs to work for shelter, food.
All that changes is problems are not seen as problems. This results in a life of positive and enduring peace about entire Universe including oneself.
Advaita (Non-Dual) Vedānta expounds that you are not who you take yourself to be (body-mind-intellect).
Your real Self (Ātman) is one with the ultimate Reality (Brahman) and is of the nature of Existence-Consciousness-Bliss (Sat-Chit-Ānanda), which is beyond all limitations and not bounded by anything, including – time, space, and objects within time-space (satyam jñānam ānantam brahma).
Brahman/Ātman alone is Real (satyam) and everything else that you perceive to be real (ie: whole universe) is false, and you are none other than Brahman (brahma satyam jagan-mithyā jivo brahmaiva nāparaḥ).
“False” doesn’t mean denial or rejection (eg: God is false). A common misinterpretation of anti-Vedānta critics. (Reason why) In Vedānta all is understood as ONE.
When you realize your Self to be Brahman (ayam ātmā brahma; aham brahma asmi) – the One non-dual Reality – the apparent nature of the whole universe becomes clear and the search/finding stops.
Fundamental problem has been solved. Highest life purpose accomplished. And guru’s who were irrationally placed on a pedestal are now treated equal to your friend, mom, sibling, child. 🙂
It liberates you from the wrong identification with the limited body-mind-intellect. Meaning also freedom from death (because the “I” has been shifted from mortal Body-Mind, to it’s original ‘place’).
It also frees you from desires and aversions towards gratuitous things, because the whole universe is appearing within your Self and there is nothing apart from you.
In conclusion, the pursuit of Self-realization, causes: (a) removal of unnecessary suffering, and (b) “I” is re-identified to it’s original identity which is eternal, all-pervading, ordinary, unconcerned, unchanging, ever-free Existence-Consciousness-Bliss.
“Ordinary” is emphasized so reader’s imagination/ego doesn’t glorify Mokṣa into some type of extraordinary state to attain in the future. Your nature is not a state and it’s always present. It doesn’t begin in time (because then would end in time). It’s something you’re already familiar with; ordinary AWARENESS because of which you are AWARE OF space and time. Space-time doesn’t exclude your body-mind and it’s experience of reading these highlighted words.
In fact, there is NO experience outside of space-time. Including thought – because every thought begins. And anything that begins – eventually ends. This is one reason why Vedānta easily sees through the fundamental mistake of any philosophy which claims Enlightenment is an experience. Or notion that you’re NOT Enlightened now, thus implying Enlightenment is a future event possible by undertaking certain practices (sādhana).
Thus it saves the seeker lifetime(s) from erroneous thinking – which we also see many “truth-gurus” falling for unsuspectingly.
Vedānta employs a carefully-structured and logically-consistent process to lead one from one’s apparent self to one’s real Self… step-by-step, with each step being completely verifiable through one’s own experience.
Therefore Vedanta has nothing to do with believing something which can’t validated through your own experience. This makes it pleasing to modern scientific-analytical minds who need more then superstitious unprovable mandates to follow.
To hear an introductory description of the the true nature of “I”, watch this 10 minute video by James Swartz – who’s excellent at transferring this knowledge to the listener…
Vedānta comprises of three primary texts, known as the triple canon (prasthāna trayī). They form the foundation of Vedānta:
Upaniṣads (Śruti or Heard)
There are ten principal Upaniṣads which include:
Bhagavad Gītā (Smṛti or Remembered)
Bhagavad Gītā is the essence of the Upaniṣads that teaches how to realize the highest – while living in the world. It consists of 700 verses across 18 chapters and is part of the Indian epic Mahābhārata.
If the Upaniṣads (highest truths) be represented by cows, then Gītā would be the milk of the cows (essence of the truths) extracted by Kṛṣṇa (supreme inner Self; Ātman) for the benefit of Arjuna (individual ignorant self believing is apart from the Whole) – who is unsure of the right path in midst of the battle of Kurukṣetra (struggle of life).
Brahma Sūtras (Nyāya or Logic)
Brahma Sutras (Vedānta Sūtras) is the philosophical treatise of Vedānta that systematically lays out the philosophy of the Upaniṣads. It consists of 555 aphorisms across 4 chapters. It should be studied along with the commentary of Śaṅkarāchārya for a deep and comprehensive understanding of Advaita (Non-Dual) Vedanta.
There are many explanatory texts (prakaraṇa granthās) written by some of the greatest Vedānta philosophers of all times, like Ādi Śaṅkarāchārya and Vidyāraṇya – who did a brilliant job explaining Vedānta systematically. They include:
- Advaita Makaranda
- Aparokshanubhuti (Aparokṣānubhūtiḥ)
- Ātma Bodha
- Panchadashi (Pañcadaśī)
- Tattva Bodha
- Vedānta Dindima
Few more Vedanta classics:
For example – gravity already exists. Whether you know about it or not. Gravity doesn’t care whether you know of it’s presence or remain ignorant to it. It’s still operational and present.
Thus, Newton didn’t create gravity. He only discovered what was already accomplished and present all along. But due to lack of inquiry, it remained apparently absent and unknowingly ignored.
So no amount of action, meditation, mantras, devotion, āsana on Newton’s part would produce gravity. It was only matter of being pointed out what’s obvious. (Acknowledged – then accepted gradually through self-inquiry on your part.)
You don’t need to do anything to “become” Ātman. Because you already ARE Ātman. In fact, there’s NOTHING you can do to gain something which you already HAVE and ARE right now… AWARENESS (Ātman).
However, some are unable to accept this ridiculously simple Truth, because we have accumulated false notions about Reality and “I”, preventing our full, unconditional and absolute acceptance.
So the practice of Vedānta is intended to remove ignorance about your real Self. It’s not to give anything new. Because you already EXIST.
Answer this: what greater gift can one ask for then to EXIST?…
Because if you don’t EXIST… then who’s there to enjoy a sunset, your spouse, friend, Upaniṣads, God, food, knowledge, ignorance, sex, beauty, etc?
It’s amusing that despite EXISTENCE (synonymous with Awareness / Consciousness / Brahman) being the greatest gift (which you already HAVE and ARE – since you EXIST) – we’re not totally happy with just existing.
Instead one constantly generates and put series of experiences on-top of one’s EXISTENCE. Then spends 99.9% time talking about his/her experiences. Completely missing the OBVIOUS… the ONE WHO EXISTS to report about the never-ending Experiences.
Yes, it’s as simple as knowing the depth of what this means “I Exist“.
Experiences are different. But Existence is same for everyone. For example we can’t say “I exist more then you!” or “This rock exists less then the tree!”. Fact is, they both Exist. 🙂
So to realize this simple Truth, we have several solutions…
Just like there are myriad ways getting to the mountain-top from its base. Yet the top is SAME for any arrival.
Similarly there are myriad ways of realizing your real Self from where you currently stand – but the eventual Reality (Existence) is same for all.
Consider: If the final Reality wasn’t the same for every arrival, then there would be no freedom for anyone – and all scriptures would be useless. Because that would mean if one gets to mountain-top A, then they’ll eventually start wondering what’s mountain-top B like. Then mountain-top infinity like, etc. Hence final Reality must be same.
These myriad ways can be broadly classified into four different paths.
Each of these four paths are based upon four different and powerful faculties of the human mind – intellect, emotion, action and concentration. Their purpose is integration; that’s why head and heart are shaking hands.
It’s best to practice all four Yogas as they complement each other resulting in a rapid and holistic spiritual growth:
- Jñāna Yoga (Path of Knowledge)
- Bhakti Yoga (Path of Devotion)
- Karma Yoga (Path of Action)
- Not part of Traditional Vedānta: Rāja Yoga (Path of Meditation / Mysticism)
What’s important to know is all paths ultimately lead to the highest path; jñāna-yoga (Path of Knowledge). Other 3 are catalysts – and do have power to show final Reality – but only temporarily.
For example, take Nirvikalpa-samādhi through Rāja Yoga, as expounded in Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali. Only infinite bliss is present (experiencER, experiencED and experiencING are ONE). But it’s subject to time. It starts and eventually ends.
Or the peace of a Sāttvic pure mind (Karma/Bhakti/Rāja Yoga) – needs to be consciously maintained. As soon as mind and thoughts become noisy and impure (eg: walking into a night-club), so does person’s so called Enlightenment subside. This is NOT Mokṣa.
Only path of Jñāna Yoga has power of permanent resolution (mokṣa). See prāptasya prāpti for reason.