Discourse 6 expands with examples of applying shama (cognitive flexibility), dama (pause before replying), uparama (duty), and titiksha (endurance).
Source: Tattva Bodha
Adhikārī qualification 3 — 6-fold-wealth:
śamādi sādhana saṃpattiḥ kā? (What are [6-fold] sādhana wealth, starting with śama?)
They are, (1) śamaḥ: management of mind. (2) damaḥ: control of senses. (3) uparama: observance of duties. (4) tititikṣā: endurance. (5) śraddhā: faith/trust. (6) samādhānaṃ ca iti: and single pointedness.
śama / dama / uparama
- See video. We expanded upon last session. Notes for them are in last session.
titikṣā kā? śitoṣṇa-sukhaduḥkhādi-sahiṣṇutvam
What is endurance or resilience? (It is) endurance of cold, heat, pleasure, pain, etc …
- Capacity to cheerfully put up with difficult situations.
- Just “putting up” isn’t enough. Because…
- “Putting up” comes with comma (gives space for further complaints). EG: It’s cold, and… and… and… Which makes it harder to cope with and becomes even more prominent in our mind.
- “Putting up cheerfully” comes with “full stop”. EG: It’s cold. You’re acknowledging a fact, then can think solution mode.
- Involves remaining decently equanimous towards censure/praise, gain/loss. Doing so, minimizes complaints about small things, and helps us acknowledge life is not designed to make us either happy nor sad. Both are subjective experiences. Life is an impersonal order that accommodates everyone's primary needs (including animals and plants). Insisting life delivers one's subjective fancies (vasanas) is what REDUCES endurance/tolerance.
- Most don’t develop resilience because of denial (pretending it’s not happening, or reducing its significance in hopes to convince self that it’s not important). Or because of victim mentality (caught up with poor me, I’m so unlucky, the world is out to get me; indicated by tendency to blame someone/thing for their misfortunes).
- So resilience is developed when we're willing to face the hardships, and strive to overcome them. Next time they show up, we enjoy a higher level of resilience.
- Study following sentence and answer q's: Endurance (titiksha) is capacity to put up with unpleasant situations (overly cold-hot, criticized, unacknowledged, treated unfairly, physically ill, etc) — with a relatively equanimous or poised mind. In short — not getting overly elated nor depressed upon situations.
- Rewrite above sentence in your own words based on your understanding of “endurance”.
- List 3 realistic ways how to enjoy greater endurance next time something unpleasant happens. How will you remain collected?
- EG: I'll mentally prepare myself. Resort to prayer. Use my breath as reminder that all is well in big picture, etc…
Credit for help in Tattva Bodha to Chinmaya Mission's Swami Advayananda, and Arsha Vidya's Swami Dayananda.
Recorded 25 June, 2023