Lesson 51: Sanskrit for Beginners Course: Imperative


New verse. Imperative (He/she/it MUST go!)

Source: Introduction to Sanskrit (4th Ed) – Thomas Egenes – Part Two

This session deals with: CH19, PG 11-12.

Imperative: loṭ लोट्

  • Think Emperor. He issues COMMANDS.
  • EG: He/she/it MUST (shall, ought to) __! Let him go!
  • Negated with mā मा.
    • EG: vidviśāvahai  मा विद्विशावहै : We (two) shall/must not quarrel.
  • Paradigm:
    • If root is Parasmaipada: VOL2PG11 or LRB43
    • If root is Ātmanepada: VOL2PG12 or LRB44
  • Construction Formula:
  • Example:
You must(ought to) go to the forest! tvam vanam gaccha
त्वं वनं गच्छ
(You) Ask about eternal knowledge! nityam jñānam pṛccha
नित्यं ज्ञानं पृच्छ
May you obtain happiness! sukhaṃ labhasva
सुखं लभस्व
O Blessed Rāma, come to the village! bhagavan rāma! grāmam āgaccha
भगवन् राम ग्रामं आगच्छ
You (all) must speak the truth! satyam vadata / satyam bhāṣadhvam
सत्यं वदत / सत्यं भाषध्वम्
Let us go to the river! nadīm gacchāma
नदीं गच्छाम

Resources used in class:


  • Chant new verse: In Praise of Ganesha.
  • Say out loud paradigm for Imperative on pg 11-12 (including #4 on pg 12).
  • Do following exercises on pg 15:
    • 5 a, c, f
    • 6 b, d, f, g


You'll have more questions throughout the course. How to ask? Leave in comments below, so others can also benefit. We'll respond within 48 hours. Only ask specific to this Lesson.


Recorded 7 Nov, 2021


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