Intro to Lesson 3 – Residential Sanskrit Course


This session tests your knowledge in Lesson 1-2 fundamentals. Then introduces Lesson 3 with a new verse, plurals, vocabulary and more devanāgarī letters.

Source: Introduction to Sanskrit (4th Ed) – Thomas Egenes – Part One


  1. Video serves as intro to Lesson 3. Details will be covered when we meet in class.
  2. PLURAL: VERBamaḥ, tha, anti. (We all, you all, they all)
  3. Where to put “na” (not)? Before the verb.  EG: na gacchati: He doesn't go.
  4. Basic principle behind sandhi: __aḥ  t__    =     __aś  t__
    • Last character of preceding word changes, depending on first letter of next word.


  1. Verse: Here, there and everywhere
  2. Practice devanāgarī writing. Here are practice sheets to print: 1, 2, 3, 4
    • Simple vowels: a, ā, i, ī, u, ū, ṛ, ṝ, ḷ,
    • Complex vowels/diphthongs: e, ai, o, au
    • Velar/Throat consonants: ka, kha, ga, gha, ṅa
    • Palatal consonants: ca, cha, ja, jha, ña
    • Retroflex: ṭa,  ṭha, ḍa, ḍha,  ṇa
    • Dental: ta, tha, da, dha, na
  3. Remember the “gaccha” paradigm forwards, backwards, diagonal.
  4. Complete exercises in Lesson 3. #5 and #6. (pg 29)


You'll have more questions throughout the course. How to ask? Leave in comments below, so others can also benefit. I will respond in 72 hours. Only ask specific to Lesson.


Recorded 7 April, 2020


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