Session 10 starts with giving practical example applying Spiritual sadhana to purify Mind, by driving to work (through Karma Yoga spirit of Compassion). Followed by 2 paths all humans are confronted with each day.
Then we discuss why problem of Ignorance of one's nature is due to lack of Knowledge, not lack of right Ritual. (Although rituals aid in cleansing the Mind which is required for understanding Upanishadic statements or brahmavidya; highest knowledge.)
- Converting mundane activity (EG: car driving) into a Spiritual practice – through Karma Yoga.
What does “yogaḥ karmasu kauśalam (BG 2.50)” mean? HINT: ___ in action.
Skill in action has 2 parts: (1) Intention; deliberate-action (2) Taking into account how deliberate-action is affecting others.
Why would you want to be mindful how your actions (speech, tone, driving, shopping, walking, breathing, thinking) are influencing others?
Because it snaps Mind out of it's “Unconscious competence” (auto-pilot mechanical) mode.
Meaning this interrupts Vāsanā's (main obstacle to mokṣa) because of which Jīva helplessly continues creating new Karma, which then returns back, which Jīva has to then address with another Action, which then creates another Karma. This is saṃsāra. It's endless.
Furthermore, “thinking about others” promotes the highest trait a human can express: Compassion (expressed sensitivity).
Add to that, mindfulness trains Intellect to become highly alert. Improves it's discriminating power (satya-mithyā).
EXERCISE: Where else could you demonstrate “skill in action“?
How about not talking loudly on phone in public. Or turning down music volume. Or smiling first vs. expecting another to smile first. Or not walking so fast in public (which gives away a Rājasic-cluttered mind.)
Worth Noting: Every person is a role model in society. Easy to talk “changing the world”. It starts by living as an example for others to subconsciously notice, without vocally expressing it. People learn by observation.
- Two paths all humans are making each day. Explains self-contradicting behavior.
The basic knowledge of what is noble and ignoble is known to one and all. In spite of such knowledge one chooses the vicious path, which is detrimental to one's well being.
The Ṛṣis analyzed the reason for such conduct and discovered that there are two distinct and separate paths in life, namely (1) Path of the Pleasant (preyaḥ), (2) Path of the Good (śreyaḥ).
Human beings face the problem of choosing one of the two paths at every single moment of their lives.
The “Path of the Pleasant”, pleases, fascinates and entices an individual to take to it.
On the other hand, the “Path of the Good”, which is based on sound religious tenets, is resisted by an individual.
The former caters to one's own sense gratification and provides one with immediate pleasures abut subsequently results in disappointment and sorrow.
In contrast, the latter is detestable in the beginning but later on leads one to permanent happiness and a sense of fulfillment.
Example: Man meets woman at shopping mall. She says her husband and children are away on vacation. Later in day, they share an alcoholic beverage. Man notices she is tipsy.
Other has two choices: (1) Path of the pleasant (2) Path of the good: Person rationally thinks for the other, and says “no”. Knowing it'll lead to guilt, attachment and family complications.
- How to FAIL in life:
Veda's point out purpose of life in 4 stages. Starting from lowest to highest: (1) Kāma (2) Artha (3) Dharma (4) Mokṣa
Wise people are innumerable. Example: Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu demonstrates the peak of living a Dharmic life.
However it is devoid of stage 4 (mokṣa) – essentially still ignorant of one's eternal Nature and consequently results in rebirth no differently then one in pursuit of Kāma, Artha.
Although irony is, stage 4 comes AFTER stage 3. Meaning, living a Dharmic life (stage 3) qualifies one for Self-Knowledge (stage 4).
The danger is getting stuck in a “Dharmic” wise life. Then mistaking and feeling like one is living “the highest purpose“. It's equivalent to: Being stuck in Sattva; feeling “divine” and “pure” all the time.
Meaning: One must INCLUDE Self-Knowledge (brahmavidyā) amidst a Dharmic life.
- Two kinds of Intellects.
Gross intellect. Used to resolve worldly matters Outwards
Example of using tīkṣna-buddhi: Stacking bricks, solving impossibly complex math equations, brain surgery, quantum physics, rocket-science, mowing the grass.
This gross intellect is incapable of appreciating the Subtle/invisible. Hence it discards Religion and OBJECTIFIES Consciousness as if it's another Object to be dissected, studied and analyzed.
That's why you can have a genius scientist with 10 Nobel Prizes about the Mithyā dimension discoveries, yet when Religion mentions the invisible all-pervading Satya dimension, the scientist immediately Objectifies it into another Mityhā. Hence no point arguing.
Subtle intellect. Used to discriminate Satya/Mithyā (Real/Unreal). Intellect used for Subjective investigation. Inwards.
This is the intellect needed for mokṣa. How to develop it? By listening to the Upaniṣadic declarations (Vedānta) whose sole purpose is to get you to think and question Reality. Of course, other means of Knowledge also exist. Vedānta is not the only. But it gets the job done impeccably; so we'll stick with Vedānta.
Example of using sūkṣma-buddhi: Self-inquiring about the ExperiencED-Object against the ExperiencOR-Subject and ExperiencING (Relationship between Subject-Object).
- Why Arjuna didn't get or missed the true meaning and depth of “I am the Whole” (sarvam brahmaḥ)? And solution Kṛṣṇa gave thereafter…
It's emotional attachments to things, situations, God, people… that's preventing one from seeing WHAT-IS. This is why Karma Yoga exists, to extinguish those emotional attachments… which primes the mind for Knowledge per Vedānta teachings.
Another reason is because Arjuna believes “I AM the doer“. This is experience for all ignorant Jīva's. Believing action outputted by your body-mind-intellect belongs to YOU. In reality, it's done by Īṣvara's laws-orders.
Hence we prescribe Karma Yoga where Jīva continues doing SAME actions as any other day. But with a different attitude, whereby each action contributes to exhausting the notion of “I AM the doer”. In short: You are dedicating your actions to God.
This is why Kṛṣṇa recommends Karma Yoga FIRST. To help Arjuna deal with his Emotional attachment (result of likes-dislikes; vāsanā) to performing his svadharma. And so that Arjuna get's rid of the doer (ego), which reflects belief “I AM separate from God and the World“.
Meaning: All the Self-Knowledge in the world reaps no benefits to one whose Mind continues to be disturbed by likes-dislikes (rāga-dveṣa).
Hence only way to mokṣa is to FIRST purify the Mind. How? By prescribing Karma Yoga which exhausts vāsanā's – hence stilling the Mind. Instead of reinforcing them – hence agitating/exciting the Mind.
Side note: Karma Yoga is not the only sādhana for Mind Purification. There are dozens. Patañjali Yoga Sūtras, A Course in Miracles, different methods in other Vedāntic texts, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga, Kriyā Yoga, etc.
However, because we're studying the Gītā, we'll discuss only Karma Yoga, which coincidentally is the foundation of every sādhana in creation. Hence we're not missing anything out.
- Karma Yoga purpose: Surrender the “doer” (ego) to Īṣvara.
- Ignorance of one's nature is due to lack of Knowledge, not lack of right Ritual.
No ritual can produce Enlightenment. Because every ritual, action (done by one who thinks they’re limited), is LIMITED. So how can limited action produce UNLIMITED RESULT (which is nature of Self).
Meaning: Nothing one can do to produce Enlightenment. But at the same time, you CAN and MUST do something. Because you need to do an Action to get Enlightenment (even Knowledge acquisition is an Action). Hence we face a contradiction.
How to resolve this contradiction?
If Jīva can't do anything to get Enlightened (since every Jīva is already Enlightened), then what's the Jīva's problem? Is is problem of ACTION? No. It's an understanding / ignorance problem.
So Vedānta doesn't produce Enlightenment, since your nature is already Complete. Vedānta just removes ignorance which denies the recognition of this fact.
And how does one get rid of this Ignorance?
By gaining knowledge. Action won't remove Ignorance, because Ignorance motivates action. So every action done out of Ignorance, only reinforces Ignorance which one is trying to remove. Solution to this is ACTION done in Karma Yoga spirit – which we'll unfold in future sessions.
What does Ignorance mean? Opinions, beliefs that one has about 3 aspects:
(1) Jīva: Who I am as a person – conscious being. Jīva.
(2) Jagat: Physical world – matter – objects. Mithyā.
(3) Īśvara: God whose nature is Consciousness. Satyam.
- Snake-Rope example to introduce students to topic of Superimposition (adhyāsa) – for preparation in following session how to remove superimposition of not-self onto the Self.
Download sheet used in class here.
Two kinds of superimposition:
Mirage of water (creation of Māyā) on desert (Consciousness, Self, or substratum called adhiṣtāna).
Mirage doesn't end for the Enlightened one. It's just known to be Unreal.
Mirage of water on desert is seen by father (Enlightened) just like it's seen by son (ignorant).
Only difference is: To father, the STATUS of mirage is known to be Unreal. Hence Enlightened one (jñāni) isn't motivated to participate in world (mirage). While saṃsāri son is chasing ever-changing mirages.
Snake-rope. Jīva's projection (vikṣepa-shakti) of B-M-I ends when ignorance is destroyed by Vedānta.
EG: Duryodhana projecting his own envy-jealousy onto the Pāṇḍavas. This is Jīva's own projection, called: jīva-sṛṣṭi.
Keywords: adhistana, adhisthana, ishvara, isvara-srsti, jiva-srsti, jnani, kama, mithya, moksha, patanjali, preyah, samsara, samsari, sarvam bramaḥ, shakti, sreyah, srshti, sukshma, suksma, sutras, tikshna, tiksna, vasana, viksepa-sakti, vikshepa
3 July 2018