Bhagavad Gita Course: Essence of Advaita Vedanta & Upanishads

The text deals with...

  1. Yoga: How to make your life meaningful, auspicious and prosperous. As suggested by Lord Himself.
  2. Brahma-vidya: The supreme reality. Self. Knowledge, knowing which, everything at once becomes known.

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Index:

BASED ON SESSION NUMBERS:
Teachings based on Chinmaya International Foundation, James Swartz

BASED ON VERSE NUMBERS:
Teachings based on Swami Dayananda (Arsha Vidya), Swami Paramarthananda, Chinmaya International Foundation

Lesson 152 – Effects of 3 Gunas on Your Behaviour, Thinking and Afterlife

December 1, 2021

Summary: Lesson 152 shows what behaviors 3 gunas cause while living. What happens to guna-dominant mind after death? Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 14, Verse 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 TOPIC 3: Signs…

Lesson 151 – Sattva-Guna Binds You to Knowledge, Raja to Action & Tama to Mistakes

November 24, 2021

Summary: Lesson 151 gives examples how 3 gunas bind us to doer-enjoyer role, and how they show up in various behaviors. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 14, Verse 7, 8, 9, 10 Revision: Māyā (comprising of…

Lesson 150 – How 3 Gunas Govern You and the World – What is Sattva, Rajas, Tamas

November 17, 2021

Summary: Lesson 150 shows general order of creation from 3 gunas to individual. How sattva binds. Reflected consciousness. Free will (1:02:09). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 14, Verse 5, 6 Revision: Did you wonder why you…

Lesson 149 – Bhagavad Gita, CH13 Summary & CH14 Verse 1-5

November 10, 2021

Summary: Lesson 149 brings out the crux of non-duality of Upanishads. Summarizes CH13 into 3 categories: Anatma, Atma, Values. Then begins CH14, the topic of 3 gunas (nature of prakriti). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13…

Lesson 148 – What does Jivanmukta-Jnani Understand? – Atman is like Space & Light

October 20, 2021

Summary: Lesson 148 demonstrates direct understanding of a self-realized one (jivanmukta / jnani). What kind of understanding does moksha have? Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34 Revision: SUMMARY…

Lesson 147 – What Sustains Ignorance of Self (Atman)? & 5 Stages of Spiritual Progress

October 13, 2021

Summary: Lesson 147 shows 5 stage of spiritual progress. Universal cause for ignorance (not knowing Self). 1st benefit of self-knowledge (balanced perspective). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 24, 26, 26, 27, 28 Revision: CH…

Lesson 146 – What is Prakriti and Purusha? – Cause of Rebirth & Samsara – Nature of Self

October 6, 2021

Summary: Lesson 146 shows difference between purusha and prakriti, a necessity for self-inquiry into nature of Self. Logic of Rebirth & Samsara. Why jnani doesn't get reborn. How creation comes. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13,…

Lesson 145 – Because ‘I AM', This Object Experience IS (Sat-Cit is Far & Near)

September 29, 2021

Summary: Lesson 145 shows how Brahman is outside & inside. Far & near. Moving & unmoving. How Brahman remains unrecognized despite being everything (space, electricity egs). Complete devotion = emotion + intellectual study + practice….

Lesson 144 – What Brahman IS and IS NOT? – Upadhi & Upahita – Superimposition

September 22, 2021

Summary: Lesson 144 shows using logic what Brahman IS and IS not. Adhyaropa-Apavada-Nyaya method. Upadhi-upahita method. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 12, 13, 14 Revision: Transitioning out of CH13, 7-11 (subject matter is jñānam,…

Lesson 143 – Mananam, Nididhyasanam, Brahman is Neither Sat-Asat

September 15, 2021

Summary: Lesson 143 speaks of other schools of philosophies. End of 20 values. What is Brahman NOT? Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 11, 12. Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 11: adhyātma-jñāna-nityatvam tattva-jñāna-artha-darśanam । etat…

Lesson 142 – 3 Pillars of Vedanta (Jiva-Jagat-Brahman) & Purpose of Self-Knowledge

September 8, 2021

Summary: Lesson 142 is shows the value of self-knowledge, 3 pillars, and wave-ocean-water analogy. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 11. Revision: No revision as we revised 18 values in last session. Bhagavad Gita, Chapter…

Lesson 141 – 18 Universal Values To Purify Dharma, Mind & Intellect

September 1, 2021

Summary: Lesson 141 summarizes some points of 18 values in BG13, Verse 7-10. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7-10. Revision: Value 1: amānitvam: Absence of demanding validation/respect. People are seen, as if, band aids…

Lesson 140 – Preference for Solitude & Absence of Craving Social Interactions

August 25, 2021

Summary: Lesson 140 is Value 17, 18. Preference for secluded place. Absence of craving for social interactions. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 10. Revision: Value 15: nityam samacittatvam: Constant Equanimity. Measured by how quickly…

Lesson 139 – Constant Equanimity & Unswerving Devotion to Lord

August 18, 2021

Summary: Lesson 139 is Value 14, 15, 16. Absence of Obsession. Having equanimity throughout situations. Devotion to Lord (self). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 9, 10. Revision: Value 13: asaktiḥ: Absence of Sense of…

Lesson 138 – Absence of Ownership & Obsession, Beloved Relationships

August 11, 2021

Summary: Lesson 138 is Value 13, 14. Absence of ownership. Neutralizing obsession over things dear to us. Compassion vs. Empathy. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 9. Revision: Value 10: vairāgya: Dispassion Through Objectivity. It’s…

Lesson 137 – Values: What is Right Dispassion, I-Sense, Limitations of Human Birth?

August 4, 2021

Summary: Lesson 137 is Value 10, 11, 12. What is proper dispassion? What is function of I-Sense? What is samsara? Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 8. Revision: Value 10: Vairāgyam: Dispassion or Keeping Things…

Lesson 136 – Values: Mastering the Mind-Thoughts & Dispassion

July 28, 2021

Summary: Lesson 136 is Value 9, 10. Mastering the mind (4 types of thinking, Ashtanga Yoga). Dispassion arising from having correct relationship to objects. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: Value 1: amānitvam:…

Lesson 135 – Values: Commitment & Mastery or Management of Mind

July 21, 2021

Summary: Lesson 135 is Value 7, 8, 9. Commitment to your highest value. Management of the mind. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: KṢĀNTI: Acceptance without resistance, choiceless situations of life. Meaning, intelligently…

Lesson 134 – Values: Purity of Your Mind & Purpose of Teacher/Guru

July 14, 2021

Summary: Lesson 134 is Value 6 & 7. Why service to teacher is important for self-knowledge. Keeping outer environment clean and inner mind pure. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: AHIṂSĀ: Deliberate thoughts,…

Lesson 133 – Values: Being Accommodating & Straightforwardness

July 7, 2021

Summary: Lesson 133 is Value 4 & 5. Learning to accommodate yourself and others. Being straight in your thoughts, words and actions. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: SUMMARY OF NAMES: V1: amānitvam:…

Lesson 132 – Values: Non-Injury & Accommodation

June 30, 2021

Summary: Lesson 132 is Value 3 & 4. Living an alertful life to avoid hurt wherever possible. Accommodating people/circumstances. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: So far… V1: amanitvam: Unrealistic expectations (How I…

Lesson 131 – Values: Absence of Pretense & Not-Hurting

June 23, 2021

Summary: Lesson 131 is Value 2 & 3. Not exaggerating past events. Avoiding hurt mentally, word (next session), and deed (next session). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Revision: QUESTION: Why distinguish between Universal…

Lesson 130 – Values: Absence of Conceit (Demanding respect)

June 16, 2021
universal values - value 1 - amanitvam

Summary: Lesson 130 is Value 1: Absence of demanding respect for one's accomplishments or excessive pride. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7. Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7: Value 1: Amānitvam: Absence of conceit…

Lesson 129 – Introduction to Universal Values (BG CH13, Verse 7-11)

June 16, 2021

Summary: Lesson 129 sets the stage for Universal Values expounded in verse 7-11. Misinterpretation of values. Obligatory values. Personal values. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 7 Introduction to Universal Values: Last session, we mentioned…

Lesson 128 – Maya vs. Causal Body, Ishvara vs. Brahman, Infinite Jivas & Avidya

June 9, 2021

Summary: Lesson 128 answers question about maya, karana-sharira, ishvara-brahman, big crunch, hiranyagarbha. Shows comparison chart of Knower-Knower. Explains map of creation chart. And introduces Verse 7. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 5, 6, 7…

Lesson 127 – Why Creation? Purpose of Universe? Why Ignorance?

June 2, 2021

Summary: Lesson 127 answers: What is reason for creation? What is our role in it? How can Ishvara have a desire for the world? About Hiranyagarbha. Proofs for big-bang. Likes-Dislikes lead to pain/suffering. Source: Bhagavad…

Lesson 126 – Relating to All-Knowledge-Power & Brahman's Limitlessness

May 26, 2021

Summary: Lesson 126 covers how to bring Ishvara into one's life and how universe is formed. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 5 Revision: How to bring Ishvara to relatable level? FIRST: Understand Ishvara is…

Lesson 125 – Map of Existence Before Time-Space Came (Sankhya Philosophy 24-Model)

May 19, 2021

Summary: Lesson 125 maps out reality before time-space-objects came, according to Sankhya Philosophy 24-principles model. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 3, 4, 5 Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 3: tat kṣetram yat ca yādṛk…

Lesson 124 – Reality = Knower and Known (One Self Appearing as Cosmos)

May 12, 2021

Summary: Lesson 124 concludes BG CH13, Verse 2 by showing all forms known, experienced or observed – are modifications of the One content (Kshetrajna; Knower). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 2 Bhagavad Gita, Chapter…

Lesson 123 – Anandamaya Kosha (Causal Body): Source of Happiness & What is Ignorance?

May 5, 2021

Summary: Lesson 123 explains functions of Causal Body (karana sharira / anandamaya kosha), and answers question, “Why Bhagavan create ignorant jivas?”. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 2 (Revision) Intro: CH13 is discernment of Reality…

Lesson 122 – Clay-Pot Metaphor from Chandogya Upanishad

April 28, 2021

Summary: Lesson 122 explains Krishna's statement in Verse 2 “Know Me as the Kshetrajna (Knower) in all the Kshetras (Knowns)” using clay-pot metaphor from Chandogya Upanishad, CH6. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse 2 Revision:…

Lesson 121 – Correcting Misplaced “I” Identity With Logic & Waking, Dream, Sleep Analysis

April 21, 2021

Summary: Lesson 121 shows 5 points of error where “I” is placed. 3 States of experience also depend on the Knower, thus can't be the Knower. Why we call everything the world, except this body….

Lesson 120 – What am I Not? Disclosing 5 Levels of Superimposition (Pancha Kosha)

April 14, 2021

Summary: Lesson 120 shows properties about the 5 levels of error the “I” identifies with. Causal Body. Logic of rebirth. Sanchita Karma. Prarabdha Karma. Samskaras. Description of Consciousness (Knower). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Verse…

Lesson 119 – Knower & Known – Intro to Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13

April 7, 2021

Summary: Lesson 119 shows the structure of BG and main topics of previous chapters. About doer-enjoyer. 2-fold-Cause nature of Universe. Ksetram (material universe). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 13, Intro, Verse 1 Summary: B.Gita is divided…

Lesson 118 – Summary of Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 12 (Becoming a Jivanmukta)

March 17, 2021

Summary: Lesson 118 summarizes CH12 in context of seekers journey. It's a chapter about your endeavor from total ignorance to complete knowledge. It shows us the progression of devotion to the highest. Source: Bhagavad Gita,…

Lesson 117 – Mrityunjaya Mantra, Refining Your Speech for Wisdom

March 17, 2021

Summary: Lesson 117 opens with the famous Mrityunjaya Mantra and it's explanation. Then attributes of jnani are continued: Attitude in criticism, speaking wisely, easily pleased, no dwelling place, highest devotee. How to attain wisdom? Go…

Lesson 116 – How to Solve Problems & Change Habits? Ideal Attitude In Challenges

March 10, 2021

Summary: Lesson 116 revises importance of converting ownership (my __) to trusteeship. Lifestyle says nothing about your spirituality. How to change unproductive habits? Ideal attitude towards challenges in life. Your experience is made up of…

Lesson 115 – What is a Jivanmukta? (Integrated, Holistic Person)

March 3, 2021

Summary: Lesson 115 continues listing traits of perfected being called a jivanmukta. He or she is a contributor in society, while also knower of truth. How does he respond to challenges? Heart like a rock…

Lesson 114 – Your Interconnectedness & Attributes of a Jnani (Wise Person)

February 24, 2021

Summary: Lesson 114 shows it's impossible to ‘detach' since you're part of the system (grand order). Then attributes of a wise person: free of hatred, friend, lack of ‘mine' notion, mental shock absorber, accomodative, has…

Lesson 113 – How To Practice Karma Yoga & Which Sadhana is Better?

February 17, 2021

Summary: Lesson 113 explains the practice of Karma Yoga talked about in CH3 of Bhagavad Gita, and enters 2nd section of CH12; traits of a wise person (jnani). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 12, Verse 10,…

Lesson 112 – Self-Growth with Upasana Yoga & Ashtanga Yoga's 8 Steps

February 10, 2021

Summary: Lesson 112 covers practice of Upasana-Yoga Level 2 (bringing Lord in form of dharma in one's life – that's why last session was about dharma) — and Upasana-Yoga Level 1 (which is best captured…

Lesson 111 – Refining Thinking, Dharma is Relative, About Intuition, 5 Sadhanas

February 3, 2021

Summary: Lesson 111 gives pointers how to optimize our thinking process which helps the mind see deeper into things. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 12, General discussion. Summary: What is the aim of Bhagavad Gita? It…

Lesson 110 – Why Jnana-Yoga Alone Is Means to Moksha

January 27, 2021

Summary: Lesson 110 speaks about what is healthy thinking, proper way of thinking. Shows logically why only self-knowledge has power to enlighten the ignorant mind. And what is means to dedicate actions to the Lord….

Lesson 109 – What is Brahman? How Can Formless Consciousness Be Known?

January 20, 2021

Summary: Lesson 109 gives definitions of technical words revealing nature of Brahman (formless consciousness). Sessions is specifically about jnana-yoga. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 12, Verse 3, 4. Summary: Title of CH12 is Bhakti-Yoga (Topic of…

Lesson 108 – Arjuna Asks How to Achieve Moksha & Best Spiritual Path

January 13, 2021

Summary: Lesson 108 gives overview what CH12 is about, what is Bhakti-Yoga? Arjuna asks who is the best kind of devotee (closest to liberation)? Krishna doesn't answer directly because question is faulty. Source: Bhagavad Gita,…

Lesson 107 – Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 11: The Cosmic Vision – SUMMARY

January 6, 2021

Summary: Lesson 107 summarizes the crux of Chapter 11. Cause of universe. Divya-cakshu. Wat it takes to be devoted? Limitation of my/mine. Why was Arjuna also fearful of Lord's universe? What is surrender and surrender…

Lesson 106 – Qualities of Bhakta Who Is Blessed By Moksha

December 16, 2020

Summary: Lesson 106 shows that with devotion alone the mind can capture the multifaceted nature of reality. But obstacle to devotion is notion of “me” and “mine”. They are reduced with viveka (discernment) and vairagya…

Lesson 105 – Without Devotion, Reality is Merely Intellectual

December 9, 2020

Summary: Lesson 105 logically shows how self-knowledge cannot be complete without devotion. Symbology of Father & Mother in scriptures. Why God can never be reached. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 11: Verse 36, 37, 38, 39,…

Lesson 104 – Dealing with Loss. Fatalism & Freewill. What is Will of God?

December 2, 2020

Summary: Lesson 104 speaks about your relationship to time, healthy attitudes towards loss/destruction, compares freewill-fate-fatalism and what it means to surrender to Will of God (dharma). Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 11: Verse 32, 33, 34,…

Lesson 103 – Destructive Aspect of Lord (Old Age, Disease, Death, Time)

November 25, 2020

Summary: Lesson 103 shows that only admiring Creation & Sustenance is 2/3rd mature. Most stop here. But a fully mature person embraces Destruction also. Source: Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 11: Verse 19, 20, 21, 22, 23,…

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