Existence (Brahman/Ātman/Awareness) is Beginingless and Endless…

Existence (Brahman/Ātman/Awareness) is beginingless and endless. Thus, the notion of “Today I’m enlightened“, implies “Yesterday, I wasn’t“. Which contradicts THAT which is beginingless/endless. What’s more, such thoughts are subject to Time. Meaning anything that BEGINS in time has an inevitable ENDING in time. Common sense. So what’s the solution – if mokṣa (Freedom) is beyond…

What are the Vedas?

Vedas are divided into 4 sections: (1) Rig Veda, (2) Yajur Veda, (3) Sāma Veda, (4) Atharva Veda. Each each section is further divided into 2 parts. Part 1 called “karma-kāṇḍa“. Part 2 is called “jñāna-kāṇḍa“. Karma-kanda deals with rituals and prayers. Basically, how to live a happy, harmonious, smooth and clean life. Jñāna-kanda deals with…

james swartz advaita vedanta non-duality

James Swartz Interviews, Review & Critique on Vedanta and Non-Duality

This page is meant to honestly present my experience learning from James Swartz. It’s also a collection of various interviews (Q & A) on practical use and correct method of Vedanta application as means to moksha (Liberation)… through proper self-enquiry. Expect not here bashing nor glorification. James Swartz is an author of “How to Attain…

Why a Wise Person Won’t Argue Against an Ignorant Person

What a wise person (Jñāni) knows directly – can be summarized in below Ādi Śaṅkarācārya’s words. Which is why there is NO GAIN for a jñāni to argue or defend themselves – when challenged by criticism of an ignorant Jīva (person who identifies “I” with Body-Mind complex): brahma satyaṁ jagan-mithyā jivo brahmaiva nāparaḥ anena vedyaṁ…

‘I’ – The Subtlest of the Subtlest

Bhagavad-Gītā says that we have five sense organs of knowledge (seeing, hearing, smelling, feeling, tasting); these are very subtle. Example: Organ of seeing is a lot more subtle then the physical instrument of seeing; eye. More subtle than the sense organ is the Mind. Subtler than the mind is the Intelligence. Subtler than these is…

Moving from Jiva-Srsti (Vision of Samsari) to Isvara-Srsti (Vision of Wise Person)

Persons false notion about reality is called “Jīva-Sṛṣṭi”. It is seeing what is NOT. It is subjective notions born of Ignorance. It is misapprehension/projection onto Īśvara (God). It is cause of adharmic (sinful) actions and ahimsā (entertaining thoughts of injury towards one own self or another being). It is also cause for years spent pursuing…

Keyswap – Tool for Quickly Typing Sanskrit Transliteration Diacritics (ā, ī, ṁ, ñ, ṝ, Ś, ḥ, etc)

Keyswap is a Windows language transliteration application which was created during my years of Sanskrit study – for naturally typing letters with diacritics – by simply pressing “=” after the corresponding letter. Traditional ITRANS format is unacceptable for serious scholars. Example: ITRANS: bRhadAraNyaka upaniShad  😯 Diacritic marks by Keyswap: bṛhadāraṇyaka upaniṣad  😀 It can be used…

When Fruit of ‘I am Brahman’ is Denied (viparīta-bhāvanā)

A common question by a person with Self-Knowledge: “Having done Śravaṇa and Manana, I am very clear I am Brahman. But in my behavior I do not find myself, ‘I am Brahman’. Why?“ Answer: You may have to deal with another problem – that of “viparīta-bhāvanā“. It’s caused by your memories. There is another parallel…

Shankaracharya’s Song to Fool Caught in Samsara (Bhaja Govindaṃ)

Bhaja Govindaṃ was written by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya. Bhaja govindaṃ is one of the minor compositions of the spiritual giant, Ādi Shankarācharya. It is classified as a prakaraṇa grantha, a primer to the major works. Though sung as a bhajan, it contains the essence of Vedānta and implores the man to think, “Why am I…

Advaita Vedanta in a Nutshell (Aparokshanubhuti by Adi Sankara)

Our ancient teachers have left behind a treasury of useful and convenient means of understanding Vedānta, the science of life, contained in the prasthana traya. Mainly in the Bhagavad Gīṭa, the Upaniṣads and the Brahma Sutras. One such stream of teaching is through their works called prakiriya granthas. A Prakarana Grantha is a User’s Manual or a Guide Book…