Sessions 7 focuses on mechanics how Jīva (ignorant person under spell of Māyā) believes joy is in worldly Objects – disregarding Self as source of the joy. As long as person believes joy is in the World/Thoughts/Emotions/Body, this prevents mokṣa (Enlightenment).
- Kṛṣṇa gives Arjuna 3 reasons not to worry with the existential crisis presented between Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas:
- Everything is consciousness. (tat tvam asi; that thou art)
- Jiva gains another body. Gains another chance to fulfill his/her svadharma, leading to mokṣa.
- What is Real (Consciousness) – never ceases to exist. Can’t destroy what pervades everything. Meaning your existence can’t be destroyed. Your body/mind can, but they’re NOT you. Why? Because body-mind-intellect is KNOWN to you. You can’t be what you Know.
- All attempts for lasting happiness fail in Māyā. Because:
- All is changing. Meaning as soon you make something work, it already is taking on different condition/form. Even your own mind’s preferences about the Object are changing. Meaning even if the Object of desire doesn’t change, your own mind about it will.
- Jīva (person) doesn’t create anything in this world. You don’t control what you didn’t create. You can only control what you created. But Īṣvara also created the Jīva including the environment which Jīva depends on for it’s survival, growth, education. Yes, Jīva does have apparent “Free Will”. So it has some level of control over it’s microcosmic world. However microcosmic world is still dependent upon the Macrocosmic world (Īṣvara). Hence conclusion is, Jīva:
- Has no control. Because Causal Body vāsanā’s are always causing Jīva to act/think according to it’s Karma. This is Destiny (prārabdha).
- Simultaneously Jīva does have absolute control over it’s attitude about what happens. EG: Arjuna had no choice but to endure the war. All Kṛṣṇa could do was help Arjuna’s attitude about the inevitable war. This level of control which Jīva has, is Free-will or Self-effort (puruṣārtha). And is the privilege only human beings have. (Tiger can’t choose to become Veterinarian)
- When Māyā is operating, this causes Jīva to feel incomplete/unhappy/unfulfilled. Mechanics of this is explained in 4 parts. When spell of Māyā is operating, Consciousness (brahman) apparently forgets itself and experience of LIMITATION – or sense of INCOMPLETION occurs in Jīva’s Subtle body. This is because Consciousness pervades everything (sarvagatham), including Jīva’s Subtle Body (Reflecting Medium). Hence Jīva mistakenly concludes “I AM Limited/Incomplete“. Which then motivates Jīva to chase worldly Objects to relieve itself from this Incompleteness.
- Metaphor of “Scratching Mosquito Bite” is used to expose how any DESIRE TO SCRATCH (sex, friendship, save the world, fame, power, money) is solely motivated to REMOVE the desire to scratch. In other words, all Desire is motivated to be FREE of that Desire. Because it limits what is inherently LIMITLESSNESS (Brahman / Self). EG: Jīva’s action of Sex is motivated to BE FREE of desire for sex. Because any Desire (like mosquito bite) LIMITS the Jīva who inherently identifies with FREEDOM. Why? Because Consciousness (YOU) pervades the Jīva. And Consciousness is “LIMITLESSNESS” (ānanda). Hence any limitation (desire) limits it’s attribute of LIMITLESSNESS (ānanda)… which feels painful. So then you are motivated to remove this LIMITATION by fulfilling the Desire – in order to get a temporary relief from the Desire. This causes experience of saṃsāra (worldly entanglements) which Jīva accepts as “way of normal life”. Endlessly chasing worldly OBJECTS for a temporary relief from saṃsāra. Yet all attempts fail. Because none provide PERMANENT SATISFACTION (mokṣa)… which is what everyone is ultimately seeking.SUMMARY: Purpose of all Jīva’s action is for freedom from sense of limitation.
- There’s no winning nor losing in Māyā. There is only duty to lead you to the Highest Goal (brahman).
- What is Māyā?
- All power.
- All knowledge.
- It is a latent/dormant power in Consciousness. And when this power manifests, we then call that “Īṣvara“.
- Consciousness is a causeless cause. It doesn’t cause creation, even thought out of Consciousness, creation comes. This paradox is explained using “Spider-Web” and Dream metaphors.
- Self is ___ (11 attributes given in Scripture/Mindmap).
- Explanation of using Īṣvara 1 and 2: (which isn’t used in Traditional Vedānta)
- Īṣvara 1 is synonymous with: Satya, Self, Awareness, Brahman, Kṛṣṇa, Consciousness, Existence, Substratum. It is changeless (doesn’t change).
- Īṣvara 2 is synonymous with: Mithya, Creator, Lord, God, The Word (Bible), Māyā, World, Universe, Your Experience, Creation. It changes (has unmanifest state; māyā… and manifest state; Īṣvara)
- Why do we use 1/2? Because traditionally, “Īṣvara” word refers to both 1 AND 2. Since reality is non-dual (advaita). In other words, Īṣvara = Brahman. But this confuses students, since Traditional Vedānta assumes student will understand whether guru/scripture is referring to Satya or Mithya – by the context. So my teacher James Swartz (who contributed much clarity to often confusing Traditional Vedānta), assigns 1/2 to make a distinction between Satya (Īṣvara 1) and Mithya (Īṣvara 2), to prevent mistaken assumptions.
Download visual mind map of this session.
12 June 2018