Session 13 re-defines “success” from traditional worldly view, to Vedāntic point of view of Objectivity and Dispassion. We then debunk common myths what is an Enlightened person (jīvan-mukta), as answered by Krisna to Arjuna in Bhagavad Gita 2.58. “How does a person of unshakable wisdom sit, speak and walk?“.
- Reason why wise people give up results of actions performed.
Even though you have free will to act (karma), once acted, the results are out of your control.
Because there are too many interconnected unseen/unknown variables in the field, which you play no part in.
Hence depending on fruits (rewards) of your actions is recipe for disappointment.
EG: Once trader has put a stake into stock market share (by act of free will), from then on, depending on a win is surrendering all one's happiness into the vast complexity of world's global trading system.
And even if trader does make a profit, there's risk of unsatisfactory for not making a bigger profit.
Hence the wise do their duty as service to the Īśvara, because everything IS Īśvara. Hence nothing in creation is yours. Even your wins and loses belong to Īśvara, not you.
EG: Trader was only able to invest because of Oxygen (given by plants) to breathe, Sun (giving life to plants/animals, providing food for survival), Electricity (to power the world wide web infrastructure), etc.
The wise know, they are TOTALLY DEPENDENT on Īśvara. Hence perform duty Objectively and Dispassionately.
While unwise person neglects this truth, tries to control the environment, hence suffers. Like swimming against the Ocean's current. Eventually unwise person's equipment (Body-Mind) wears out, and a new body is given, providing opportunity to fulfill life's highest purpose; mokṣa.
- 4 common life variables preventing permanent satisfaction.
This is relative to #1 above. Why living according to expectations (raga-dveṣa; likes-dislikes) has unpredicable success.
I expect to catch the bus on other side of the road.
1. I cross the road, I catch the bus. (EQUAL to expectations)
2. I cross the road, I miss the bus. (LESS then expected)
3. I cross the road, friend gives me ride in his car. (MORE then expected)
4. I cross the road, slip, and end up in hospital. (OPPOSITE to expectations)
Think about your own life. Aren't these 4 variables the reality in anything pursued. Where is permanent satisfaction in this? Because LESS, OPPOSITE is parallel to EQUAL, MORE. Hence it's unpredictable satisfaction, which motivates one to constantly control their environment. This results in noisy mind, preventing deeper contemplation, preventing mokṣa.
Hence the wise remain Objective and Dispassionate towards both Pleasures and Adversaries of life, knowing “This too shall pass – Yet I remain“.
- Re-defining what does “success” mean from Vedāntic point of view.
Success is capacity to handle Realities objectively and dispassionately.
How? By understanding and appreciating the Giver (Īśvara, God). This contributes to RIGHT attitude, which results in RIGHT action.
Realities, means every moment.
Objectively, means looking at Realities without personal bias. (EG of Subjectivity: This social gathering is full of unfriendly guests. Objectivity: I'm not feeling friendly today so it seems others are not friendly to me.)
Dispassionately, means remaining neutral and Objective towards either joy (desires) and sorrow (fears). This isn't apathy. But mature intellectual reasoning vs. emotional uncontrolled outburst of joy/fear.
- All is Given.
Open your bodies eyes. Do you have to do anything to see a ready-made world of color? No. Sight is immediately given. You simply enjoy what is given.
Who is the Giver? Īśvara.
- Physical/Mental signs of Enlightened Person (Jīvanmukti) per Bhagavad Gita 2.58.
One can not identify wise person by their physical appearance, outwards behavior. Only by state of mind.
But since one can never tell what someone's state of mind is, it's technically impossible to tell who is wise. Because there's no such thing as “Enlightened person”. Everyone is already FREE.
Hence only a wise person (jīvan-mukti, jñāni) can truly recognize another wise person.
Ignorant person can not recognize a wise person because all experience is interpreted through Ignorance.
Just like Arjuna and Krisna were friends since childhood. Yet Arjuna never saw Krisna (jīvan-mukta) until battle of Kurukṣetra.
This is why you should NOT look for a guru. Because one who is Ignorant will only find a projection of an Enlightened person, according to their likes-dislikes. Which has nothing to do with Reality.
For this reason we say: When student is ready, then Guru appears. Initially (due to ignorance) the student will not recognize them as “Guru”, but as another ordinary person.
31 July 2018