ishvara-god-intelligence-of-universe-advaita-vedanta

It was pointed out in conversation 33, that knowledge of One without a Second, is not meant to create indifference towards your daily world engagements. It’s not supposed to turn one into a hermit. Nor dismiss the world as a mere dream, because the very mind that’s dismissing is made out of the same material…

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why-help-others-advaita-vedanta

We explained in conversation 32 that Advaita Vedanta teachings are not tautology (useless repetitions). What is Advaita Vedanta? It’s a means of knowledge, through words, which reveals the absolute nature of reality. This reality is not “over there”. Reality is you, right now. Reality is everything (including words), right now. This recognition is a growing…

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advaita-vedanta-knowing-understanding-intellectual

It was explained in last conversation 31 that word “self”, when used in Vedanta, is unlike word “hot” or “cold”. Concept of “hot” is only true in relation to concept of “cold”. And vice-versa. They are mutually dependent opposites. They are relative to their opposing family member. Whereas self, also referred to as the subject,…

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can-self-atma-be-known-advaita-vedanta-non-duality

In last session 30, the student doubted Vedanta’s means of knowledge to remove ignorance. Student claimed only experience can provide knowledge of self (Awareness). Basis of doubt was, “You need to taste the sugar to know it’s sweetness. Therefore no amount of scriptural words can give taste of Truth. You have to experience the Truth…

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knowledge-versus-experience-knowing-brahman-atman-truth-advaita-vedanta-2

In part 29 we addressed two concerns. Role of the guru. And if absolute Truth, as revealed in Upanishads, is just another point of view. Let’s revise them before moving onto the most controversial topic – if Advaita (non-duality) is matter of experience or knowledge. If we don’t answer this, fellow seeker will remain unsatisfied…

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6-blind-man-hindustan-advaita-vedanta-purpose-of-teacher-guru-master-acharya

In part 28, we attempted to correct a deeply ingrained false notion. A silent killer. It’s the cause of belittling thought as, “I am a victim. Powerless. Not in control. A puppet of God, government, family, society, etc” Even respected spiritual masters trumpeted a misinterpreted version to disciples. Adding to sense of limitation and postponing…

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free-will-advaita-vedanta-freewill-choose-decide-freedom-to-will

In previous part 27, it attempted to show that the world which you experience everyday — consists of an endless combination of forms and color, sounds, tastes, smells and feelings. Isn’t that your experience? From the moment we wake up in the morning, what happens? Without effort, if eyes are working, sight of form and…

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many-minds-antahkarana-one-consciousness-atman-brahman-satya-mithya-2

In previous part 26, a common assumption was corrected, “If one mind is liberated from the false notion of separateness, then all minds should also be liberated“. It was explained that even though all minds (antaḥkaraṇa) are pervaded by the one same Consciousness (ātmā) – each mind also enjoys it’s own individuality. Hence it’s not…

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individual-mind-knowledge-understanding-ignorance-vedanta-advaita-avidya

In previous part 25, we highlighted an important word “mithya”. Without fully understanding it, we can never reconcile Oneness and world of multiplicity. World is mithyā, a dependent reality. Meaning whatever aspect of the world you look into, that very aspect depends on another aspect which you are failing to acknowledge. For example, we say…

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impure-dirty-rajasic-tamasic-non-sattvic-mind-antahkarana-reflecting-consciousness-self-atman-brahman

In previous part 24, student thought maya and consciousness are two different entities. Teacher explained there is no question of two-ness. Just like the skill of singing is never away from the conscious person in whom that potential rests. Even when the singing power projects outwards, the person can’t be reduced to a single definition…

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ardha-nari-ardhanari-Ardhanarishvara-shiva-parvati-deities-male-female

In previous part 23, we’ve seen that maya is dependent on the Limitless One (brahman) for it’s existence. Māyā is the totality of all names-forms which enjoy their reality in the one undivided Truth. Just how all words on a whiteboard, irrespective of the relative glory they enjoy – all have their being in the…

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maya-neti-neti-not-this-not-that-māyā-reality-status-nature

In previous part 22, we heard how maya’s veiling and projecting power works. They work in tandem. Veiling power (āvaraṇa-śakti) causes partial knowledge. For example, if we see the top, we’re under the influence of veiling power. Because we don’t see the bottom. Thus any opinion about the object is partial-knowledge because it’s limited to…

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brahman-isvara-ishvara-with-maya-superimposes-projects-world-jagat

In previous part 21, we asked “What causes projection of ignorance?” The cause of ignorance is partial knowledge and the effect is partial ignorance or projection. Suppose I say it’s a 6. You say it’s a 9. Debate goes on for years. Without the ink – is there a 6 or 9 to debate? It’s…

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example-maya-illusion-projection-superimposition-base-substratum-advaita-vedanta-2

In previous part 20, we demonstrated how superimposition produces a genuine response in the world. Despite the value-neutral status of rope – the victim jumps in fear, mistaking it as a snake. Thereafter, whatever conclusions the victim makes, are based on a false projection. Victim will even write a story and post it on social…

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man-jumps-fear-snake-rope-analogy-advaita-vedanta-superimposition-maya-projection

In previous part 19, we’ve established that a superimposition is when name-form is projected onto an unchanging base. For example… Ring has a name called “r-i-n-g”. It also has a form. Thus, the ring is a name-form superimposed on it’s base, the gold, from which it’s made of. Additionally… Ring is only a superimposition from…

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maya-superimposition-projection-over-existence-consciousness-brahman

In previous part 18, we’ve seen that even after knowledge of oneness takes place, the world doesn’t change it’s dualistic nature. Only the person’s relationship with the world changes. Knowing it to be a dependent-reality. Just how we know and have proof the world is atoms, this knowledge doesn’t cause us to treat each other,…

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world-not-disappear-after-advaita-vision-liberation-moksha-enlightenment-4

In previous part 17, we saw that even though Limitless One is the cause of the universe, it is not involved in the creation, sustenance nor destruction of the world. No different to how the conscious subject in bed, remains free of whatever happens in the dream world. If one person out of, suppose 8…

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brahman-ishvara-projects-world-jagat-through-maya-gunas

In previous part 16, we saw that the all-pervading One (Isvara) is both creator and creation. Just like a spider which spins the web, drawing silk from within itself – in same way, the Limitless One (Isvara) draws from it’s own maya power, all the material and intelligence needed for the world (jagat) to take…

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creator-creation-analogy-advaita-vedanta-cause-effect-mithya

In previous part 15, we saw how different objects in the universe resolve into the One cause. Just how all furniture resolves into One wood. Meaning wood is the cause of entire furniture world. In same way, owning to Brahman’s power called māyā, it creates world of multiplicity out of it’s potential of intelligent and…

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cause-effect-many-comes-from-one-advaita-vedanta-vedas-non-duality

In previous part 14, student attempted to reconcile statement “Ishvara is knowledge” and ignorance. How can the two co-exist! This was clarified by saying that “knowledge” refers to that which illumines knowledge of time, space and ignorance. For example we say, “I don’t know who I am”. That conclusion is formed in the mind of…

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origin-of-ignorance-avidya-advaita-vedanta-upanishads

Previous part 13, discerned difference between Consciousness (Brahman), and world of matter (jagat) which either has status of sentience (creatures) or insentience (rock). Follow conversation attempts to resolve where is place for ignorance, if creator (Ishvara) is all-knowledge… Student curiously inquires, “If the One (Ishvara) is intelligence and knowledge, where is the place for ignorance, which…

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all-knowledge-ishvara-maya-brahman-consciousness

In previous part 12, we resolved contradiction how can relative-words reveal absolute-reality, when words themselves are limited. Now nature of question turns to resolving differences despite all being One… Student asks, “Since the WHOLE is Consciousness, why do we have differences such as sentient and insentient? The world should have no inanimate objects in this…

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vedic-vedas-advaita-vedanta-contradiction-debate

From previous part 11, the student continued raising doubts about Vedas authority. For example, how are Veda texts superior to other sacred texts? Why should I believe Vedanta has the ultimate answers? Isn’t it just another point of view? Now, a more sophisticated objection is raised… Student counters last reply with, “Your sacred texts and…

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vedas-vedanta-compared-versus-other-philosophies-religions

In previous part 10, student began debating the teacher with some important questions whether we can ever capture the truth, considering it’s beyond our mind/senses. Now student debates how are Vedas (specifically Upanishads) any better then countless others philosophical and spiritual texts. Student at some point claims Advaita Vedanta is just another point of view…

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consciousness-awareness-brahman-beyond-mind-senses-advaita-vedanta

Previous part 9 answered an important doubt, “What makes our Vedic scriptures so relevant and why should I trust them? Why not find out the truth for myself? Why depend on ancient books; we live in the modern world!” Student realizes that scriptures are means of knowledge to discovering the truth which is beyond our…

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advaita-vedanta-six-means-of-knowledge-pramana

Previous part 8 answered “just how valid are ancient sacred texts in modern society” and how they can free us permanently. However some minds are intoxicated by intellectual superiority. Thus the student objects with “I don’t need the holy-sacred-ancient texts. I can discern real and unreal, truth and falsehood on my own.” Students objection is,…

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vedas-advaita-vedanta-scriptures-in-modern-society-2

Last part 7 introduced to purpose of the Vedic scriptures answering who is the “I” which everyone begins their conversations with. Now doubt arises in student’s who begins to question the authenticity of the scriptures. In Vedanta context, the scriptures comprise of: Bhagavad Gita, Brahma Sutra, Upanishads. Students concern, “The books describe in great detail esoteric…

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purpose of scriptures

In previous part 6 conversation, teacher explained one of most integral teachings leading to vision of Oneness; how individual (microcosmic; vyaṣṭi) and TOTAL (macrocosmic; samaṣṭi) are are of the one SAME substance. Now student continues questioning on bases of previous conversation, “If we are equal to the Limitless One, why do we need the sacred…

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subject-object-knower-known-advaita-vedanta-satya-mithya

Students were introduced orders of reality in Part 4 – which has now sparked doubts. So one of students asks… “Do you mean to say we have no independent being? That neither my mind nor body has any real feeling? Am I just an illusion, imagining a real existence?” You are neither an illusion, nor…

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