Keyswap – Tool for Quickly Typing Sanskrit Transliteration Diacritics (ā, ī, ṁ, ñ, ṝ, Ś, ḥ, etc)

This Windows transliteration application was created during my years of Sanskrit study. Traditional ITRANS format is unacceptable for serious scholars. Example: ITRANS: bRhadAraNyaka upaniShad  😯 Diacritic marks by Keyswap: bṛhadāraṇyaka upaniṣad  😀 It can be used for any language with extra diacritics. Step 1: Download Keyswap. Step 2: Launch “keyswap” file. That’s it! Step 3: Continue…

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When Fruit of ‘I am Brahman’ is Denied (viparīta-bhāvanā)

A common question by a person with Self-Knowledge: “Having done Śravaṇa and Manana, I am very clear I am Brahman. But in my behavior I do not find myself, ‘I am Brahman’. Why?“ Answer: You may have to deal with another problem – that of “viparīta-bhāvanā“. It’s caused by your memories. There is another parallel…

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Shankaracharya’s Song to Fool Caught in Samsara (Bhaja Govindaṃ)

Bhaja Govindaṃ was written by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya. Bhaja govindaṃ is one of the minor compositions of the spiritual giant, Ādi Shankarācharya. It is classified as a prakaraṇa grantha, a primer to the major works. Though sung as a bhajan, it contains the essence of Vedānta and implores the man to think, “Why am I…

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Advaita Vedanta in a Nutshell (Aparokshanubhuti by Adi Sankara)

Our ancient teachers have left behind a treasury of useful and convenient means of understanding Vedānta, the science of life, contained in the prasthana traya. Mainly in the Bhagavad Gīṭa, the Upaniṣads and the Brahma Sutras. One such stream of teaching is through their works called prakiriya granthas. A Prakarana Grantha is a User’s Manual or a Guide Book…

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7 Stages of Enlightenment (Panchadasi by Swami Vidyaranya)

(Following excerpts are from book Inquiry to Existence by James Swartz, chapter 7. Whole text is actually from Panchadasi by Swami Vidyaranya. James provided some commentaries for legibility. We will go through these stages in detail in class.) Seven stages can be distinguished with respect to the realization of the Self: ignorance, veiling, projection, indirect…

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Purpose of Studying the Scriptures (Śruti)

Śruti (Scriptures), the Vedas is the only means of knowledge to understand nondual Brahman – I am the limitless reality I seek. Above statement doesn’t exclude Scriptures from other world’s Religions. For sake of this article, we’ll focus on Vedas. Science is primarily based on three other means of knowledge – perception, inference and two…

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How is Vedanta Different to Other Systems?

In summary… Vedanta differs from other teachings or religions, in that it is a comprehensive viewpoint of multiple rishis who saw the truth. As Chinamayananda use to say: “Vedantic teachings are inserted into the fabric of creation itself and so the rishis were able to access them in deep states of meditation.” All other teachings/religions,…

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Does a Liberated Person Also Experience Happiness from Objects?

Object-happiness (viṣaya-ānanda) is a name given to a phenomenon that naturally occurs in the subtle body. Brahman is of the nature of sat-cid-ānanda (Existence-Awareness-Bliss). Although Brahman pervades the entire world/universe (jagat) as its substratum (adhiṣṭhāna) – the manifestation of its nature varies from object to object. The inert objects (eg: rock) of the world fully…

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Who gains Self-Knowledge? Self, Subtle Body or Reflected Consciousness?

First of all “Self-Knowledge” is NOT mokṣa (Freedom, Enlightenment, Liberation). It is the means to mokṣa. It is a “knowledge-thought” that is created/assimilated in the Subtle Body… by the teachings of Vedānta. The content of this thought is “I AM brahman” (aham brahmāsmi). It destroys the ignorance that is the cause for saṃsāra (believing or…

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